The surname of ROBERTSON was a baptismal name 'the son of Robert'. The name was also of territorial origin from the ancient manor of the same name, now the parish of Roberton in Lanarkshire. The earliest record of the name in Scotland was William Robertson, a Scot going abroad, who was given English letters of protection in 1371. Mauricius filius Roberti was sergeant in Aberdeen in 1399. (Duncan, son of Robert, Chief of the Clan, having with great courage and intrepidity apprehended the murderers of James I. of Scotland, James II. granted to his family for crest the hand supporting the regal crown and motto). The Robertsons were loyal adherents of the Stuarts and accompanied Montrose in all his campaign, and after the Restoration Charles II. settled a pension on Robertson of Struan. Alexander, the celebrated poet, chief of Struan, born about 1679, was studying for the church when he succeeded to the chiefship, but he left the cloisters and joined Dundee in 1688. He was attainted, but received a remission in 1703. Sir William Robert Robertson (1860-1933) was the English soldier. He enlisted as a private in 1877 and rose to be field marshall in 1920. In World War 1Ihe was quarter-master general (later chief of staff) of the British Expeditionary Force, and he became chief of the Imperial General Staff from 1915 until 1918. He wrote his autobiography 'From Private to Field Marshall' (1921). It has long been a matter of doubt when the bearing of coats of arms first became hereditary and it was not until the Crusades that Heraldry came into general use. Men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way. (Arms registered at Strowan, Co. Perth, Chief of the Clan Donnochie, descended from the ancient Earls of Athol, sprung from Duncan, King of Scotland).
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