The surname of QUIRLING is a Manx form of MacFail, or from the Old French Quaille. Other spellings of the name include CUILL, QUILLE, O'QUILL, McCOLL, QUILLIGAN and QUAILE. Early records of the name mention Simon Quayle, 1327 County Cambridge. Hereditary surnames were originally imported from France into England during the Norman Conquest of 1066. In the two centuries or so after the Conquest surnames were acquired by most families of major landholders, and many landed families of lesser importance. There appears to have been a constant trickle of migration into Britain between about the years 1200 and 150O, mostly from France and the Low Countries, with a small number of migrants from Scandinavia, Germany, Italy and the Iberian peninsular, and occasional individuals from further afield. During this period groups of aliens settled in this country as for example, the Germans who from the late 15th century onwards settled in Cumbria to work the metal mines. Immigration during this time had only a small effect on the body of surnames used in Britain. In many cases, the surnames of immigrants were thoroughly Anglicised. The late sixteenth century saw the arrival, mostly in London and the south-coast ports of large numbers of people fleeing from the war regions of France. A later instance of the name include Edward Hickmott and Jane Quayle who were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1793. A notable member of the name was Sir Anthony QUAYLE (1913-89) the English actor and director, born in Ainsdale. He made his first stage appearance in 1931 and was with the Old Vic Company from 1932 to 1939. In 1982 he founded the Compass Theatre Company, dedicated to touring classical plays to the regions of Britain. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
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