The surname of PUGH was a baptismal name 'the son of Ap Hugh' of which the early form was Hew. An old Welsh font name. The better class Welsh seemingly began to adopt the English style surname in the 17th century. William Ap Hugh of the parish of Llanegfan, Co. Anglesy, gentleman, by Will dated May 18th 1665, bequeathed legacies to his brother Edmund Ap-Hugh and to his sons Hugh Hughes and Henry Hughes. Many factors contributed to the establishment of a surname system. For generations after the Norman Conquest of 1066 a very few dynasts and magnates passed on hereditary surnames, but the main of the population, with a wide choice of first-names out of Celtic, Old English, Norman and Latin, avoided ambiguity without the need for a second name. As society became more stabilized, there was property to leave in wills, the towns and villages grew and the labels that had served to distinguish a handful of folk in a friendly village were not adequate for a teeming slum where perhaps most of the householders were engaged in the same monotonous trade, so not even their occupations could distinguish them, and some first names were gaining a tiresome popularity, especially Thomas after 1170. The hereditary principle in surnames gained currency first in the South, and the poorer folk were slower to apply it. By the 14th century however, most of the population had acquired a second name. Early records also mention Javan Ap-Hugh and Katherine Whitfield, who were married in London in the year 1610 in Westminster. A notable member of the name is Clifton Ernest Pugh, born in 1924, the Australian artist, born in Richmond, Victoria. He studied under Sir William Dargie at the Art School of the National Gallery of Victoria, after war service. He had his first major exhibition at the Whitechapel and Tate Galleries in London in the early 1960's. His painting divide into two genres; his love of native Australian wildlife is reflected in his 'bush' paintings, and his perceptive portraits of academics and politicians won him the Archibald prize in 1965, 1971, and 1972.
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