The associated coat of arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burke's General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. Registered at Beslow and Shrewsbury, County Salop. This surname of POYNER is an English (Norman) nickname for someone who was handy with his fist. The name was derived from the Old French word POIGNEOR (fighter) and rendered in medieval documents in the Latin form PUGNATOR. Other spellings of the name include PUNYER, POYNOR, PUNYER, BONNER and BUNNER. Surnames can be divided into four categories; place names, occupation names, nicknames and patronymics. PLACE NAMES are the largest group and covers all those names first applied to people who lived in or nearby to a particular place. For example, Grove, Wood, Field, Meadow, and Street are obvious. Occasionally names were taken from obscure villages or hamlets which no longer exist and this can make research confusing. OCCUPATION NAMES cover nearly all trades which existed in the Middle Ages. These are numerous. It does not necessarily follow that such names as King, Duke, Earl and so on mean your ancestors were of noble blood. It is much more likely that such named people worked for the person referred to. NICKNAMES. This is a smaller group but in many ways more interesting. They usually originated as a by-name for someone by describing their appearance, personal disposition or character but which became handed down through the ages and did not apply to their descendants. For instance the name Black would denote a dark man, Little, someone small (or even somewhat ambiguously) someone tall. PATRONYMICS. This group covers all names which derive immediately from the owner's father. Many christian names which are also surnames have, over the years, lost the possessive form but the origin is still the same. Examples of this could be names such as Peter,Thomas, Henry - all names which became both christian and surnames over the years. The name was brought into England in the wake of the Norman Invasion of 1066, and the earliest of the name on record appears to be Geoffrey le POINNUR, who was recorded in 1220 in County Essex. William le POINUR was documented in Hereford in the year 1230, and Richard PUNYER was recorded in County Suffolk in 1327.
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