This surname of POPPA is from a Germanic personal name POPPO, of uncertain origin, and meaning, perhaps originally a nursery word. It was a hereditary given name among the counts of Henneberge and Babenberg in East Frisia between the 9th and 14th centuries. The first hereditary surnames on German soil are found in the second half of the 12th century, slightly later than in England and France. However, it was not until the 16th century that they became stabilized. The practice of adopting hereditary surnames began in the southern areas of Germany, and gradually spread northwards during the Middle Ages. The name arrived in England probably around the 15th century, and Frances, daughter of William Pople was baptised at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in the year 1690. Joseph Spinks and Mary Poppell were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1788, and James Pople wed Ann Holmes at the same church in 1794. Richard Popple and Mary Ann Potter were also married there in 1797. Since the dawn of civilisation the need to communicate has been a prime drive of all higher mankind. The more organised the social structure became, the more urgent the need to name places, objects and situations essential to the survival and existence of the social unit. From this common stem arose the requirements to identify families, tribes and individual members evolving into a pattern in evidence today. In the formation of this history, common usage of customs, trades, locations, patronymic and generic terms were often adopted as surnames. The demands of bureaucracy formally introduced by feudal lords in the 11th century, to define the boundaries and families within their fiefdoms, crystallized the need for personal identification and accountability, and surnames became in general use from this time onwards. The eagle depicted in the crest is emblematical of fortitude and magnanimity of mind. The Romans used the figure of an eagle for their ensign, and their example has been often followed. It is the device of Russia, Austria, Germany and the United States of America.
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