This surname POOLMAN was of the locational group of surnames meaning 'the dweller by the pool' or small river, from residence nearby. Hugh Poleman who was recorded in the year 1260 appears to be the first of the name on record, and John Poleman was documented in 1327 in County Somerset. The earliest hereditary surnames in England are found shortly after the Norman Conquest of 1066 and are of Norman French origin rather than native English. On the arrival of the Normans they identified themselves by references to the estates from which they came from in northern France. These names moved rapidly on with their bearers into Scotland and Ireland. Others of the Norman Invaders took names from the estates in England which they had newly acquired. Other records of the name mention William Poleman, 1273, County Norfolk, and Thomas atte Pole of County Somerset, who was documented during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377). Walter atte Pulle was recorded in the year 1373 in County Oxford and Johanna de Pulle of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Later instances of the name mention John William Poole who was baptised at St. James's. Clerkenwell, London in 1595. Married. John Gill and Sarah Poullman, St. George's, Hanover Sqaure, London in 1803. Since the dawn of civilisation the need to communicate has been a prime drive of all higher mankind. The more organised the social structure became, the more urgent the need to name places, objects and situations essential to the survival and existence of the social unit. From this common stem arose the requirements to identify families, tribes and individual members evolving into a pattern in evidence today. In the formation of this history, common usage of customs, trades, locations, patronymic and generic terms were often adopted as surnames. The demands of bureaucracy formally introduced by feudal lords in the 11th century, to define the boundaries and families within their fiefdoms, crystallized the need for personal identification and accountability, and surnames became in general use from this time onwards.
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