The surname of POOLE was a locational name 'the dweller at the pool', from residence nearby. Local surnames, by far the largest group, derived from a place name where the man held land or from the place from which he had come, or where he actually lived. These local surnames were originally preceded by a preposition such as "de", "atte", "by" or "in". The names may derive from a manor held, from working in a religious dwelling or from literally living by a wood or marsh or by a stream. Early records of the name mention Walter atte Pulle of the County of Oxfordshire in 1273. Boniface atte Poule of County Somerset, was documented during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377). Johanna de Pulle of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. John William Poole was baptised at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in 1595. A locational name usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. The original bearer would take his name from the village, town or the area where he dwelt. This name would identify his whole family, and would follow them wherever they moved. Following the Crusades in Europe a need was felt for a family name. This was recognized by those of noble blood, who realised the prestige and practical advantage that it would add to their status. The name is also spelt as Pool. In many parts of central and western Europe, hereditary surnames began to become fixed at around the 12th century, and have developed and changed slowly over the years. As society became more complex, and such matters as the management of tenure, and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to distinguish a more complex system of nomenclature to differentiate one individual from another. A notable member of the name was Reginald Stuart Poole (1832-95) was the English archaeologist, born in London. He lived in Cairo from 1842 until 1849, subsequently becoming an eminent Egyptologist. He was keeper of coins and medals at the British Museum, and one of the founding members of the Egypt Exploration Fund. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
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