The surname of POLLARD was a baptismal name 'the son of Paul' a nickname given to one with close cropped hair. The name was derived from the Old English word 'polhard'. Early records of the name mention John Pollard, 1273 County Lincolnshire. Henry Pollard, was documented in the year 1330 in the County of Lancashire. Williamd Pollard was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax, 1379. Ellis Pollard married Johanna Chapman, London in 1548. Baptised. Elizabeth Pollard, St. Dionis, Backchurch, London in 1717. The small villages of Europe, or royal and noble households, even large religious dwellings and monastries, gave rise to many family names, which reflected the occupation or profession of the original bearer of the name. Following the Crusades in Europe in the 11th 12th and 13th centuries a need was felt for an additional name. This was recognized by those of gentle birth, who realised that it added prestige and practical advantage to their status. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Registered Trelligh, County Cornwall. Devon. 1620. In many parts of central and western Europe, hereditary surnames began to become fixed at around the 12th century, and have developed and changed slowly over the years. As society became more complex, and such matters as the management of tenure, and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to distinguish a more complex system of nomenclature to differentiate one individual from another.
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