The associated coat of arms for this name are recorded in J.B Rietstaps Armorial General. Illustrated by V & H.V Rolland's. This Monumental work took 23 years to complete and 85,000 coats of Arms are included in this work. This Russian surname of PODGURSKI is a topographic name for someone who lived at the foot of a hill. The name was derived from the elements POD (under) + GORA (hill or mountain). The name is also spelt PODGORICHANI, PODHORICZANI, PODHORICZANY, PODHORITCHANI, PODHORSKY, PODGORA, PODGORNY, PODGOR and PODGUR. The family of the Counts of PODGORICHANI is descended from the Province or Tsetta or Tsenta in Dalmatia, a former principality under the rule of the Princes Chernoevich. From ancient times this family had the rank of Count which up to the present time is retained in the name of Count Kastella-Monisky of the provinces mentioned above. A descendant of the family, Ivan PODGORICHANI, a Major-General in the Russian service by command of Empress Catherine II in 1765 was granted villages in hereditary ownership in perpetuity. In 1769 Her Highness, having vouchsafed an examination of the evidence of the family's descent from Counts and acceding to the petition to review the valour, diligence and zeal for the Orthodox faith and for the service to the Russian Throne and State, graciously allowed that the Major General Ivan and his two nephews, Georgii and Ivan PODGORICHANI, be acknowledged in the rank which had belonged to their family from ancient times. Russian surnames are almost exclusively patronymic (occasionally metronymic) in form, usually ending in 'ov' or 'ev'. Habitation and topographic names are rare, and many common Russian surnames are polygenetic, and their literal meaning is clear, even though the reason for their adoption may not be. Heraldry appeared later in Russia than in most other Western European countries. It is generally agreed that it was copied from the west sometime in the late 17th century, and quickly achieved state significance. In 1722 Emperor Peter I (The Great) established an official Heraldry Office headed by a Master of Heraldry under the jurisdiction of the Senate, and granted 355 armorial bearings in the 18th century.
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