The surname of PISANO was an Italian habitation name from the city of PISA in Tuscany. This was probably founded by Greek colonists, but before coming under Roman control it was in the hands of the Etruscans, who seem to have given it its name. The name however is of obscure meaning. Variants include PISANO, PISANU, PISA, PISANELLU, PISANIELLO and PISANELLO. As the agricultural depression of southern Italy worsened towards the end of the 19th century, people began to escape to the New World. The exodus started in earnest in 1887 with Brazil and other parts of Latin America being the original destinations. By 1893, the economy had improved in the United States and people headed there from Italy in greater and greater numbers. In 1898 there were more Italian immigrants to the USA than from any other country. In the post war era, more than a quarter of Italians left the country for a new life. They joined a flood of immigrants to America which was averaging a million a year in the pre war years. The origins of Italian surnames are not clear, and much work remains to be done on medieval Italian records. It seems that fixed bynames, in some cases hereditary, were in use in the Venetian Republic by the end of the 10th century. The typical Italian surname endings are 'i' and 'o', the former being characteristic of northern Italy. The singular form 'o' is more typical of southern Italy. A notable of the name was Andrea Pisano (c.1270-1349)Italian sculptor, born in Pontedera. He became famous as a worker in bronze and a sculptor in marble, settling in Florence. In 1337 he succeeded Giotto as chief artist in the cathedral at Florence, and in 1347 became chief artist in the cathedral at Orvieto, working on reliefs and statues.
Another notable was Giovanni Pisano (c.1250-c.1320) Italian sculptor and architect, son of Nicola Pisano. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe.
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