This Spanish and Portugese surname of PARATORE was a topographic name for someone who lived in a lean-to built up against the wall of a larger building. The name was derived from the element PARED (house, wall), and rendered in ancient documents in the Latin form PARIETIS. Servants often lived in buildings of this sort outside manor houses, and masons constructed huts of this kind on the site of their labours, making temporary use of the walls of the new building. There are also a large number of places named with this word, and the surname may also be a habitation name from any of these. Other spellings include PARETO, PAREDES, PARETI and PARET. Portugese surnames share many of the features of Spanish surnames, in particular Arabic and Visigothic influence. A notable feature of Portugese surnames is the class of religious names referring to festivals of the church or attributes of the Virgin Mary. One respect in which Portugese names differ from those of the rest of the Iberian peninsular, is that some were adopted at a comparatively late date and honour saints who did not give rise to surnames in other languages. Portugese names typically have the ending 'eiro'. In the 8th century, Spain fell under the control of the Moors, and this influence, which lasted into the 12th century, has also left its mark on Hispanic surnames. A few names are based directly on Arabic personal names. The majority of Spanish occupational and nickname surnames, however, are based on ordinary Spanish derivatives. Vilfredo PARETO (1848-1932) was the Italian economist and sociologist. His early work in economics culminated in PARETO's Law, which held that the distribution of incomes could be defined by a mathematical formula. He is also known for his theory on the rise and fall of governing elites. Portugese heraldry is characterized by the use of broad shields, quite often with borders. This is a practice dating back from earlier times when it was the practice for a man to enclose his arms with a border charged with single heraldic devices taken from the arms of his wife, or even sometimes with her complete arms arranged as a series of small shields.
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