The associated coat of arms is recorded in Sir Bernard Burke's General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. The arms were registered at Dene, County Kent confirmed during the reign of Henry V. This ancient English surname of OXENDINE was a locational name meaning 'one who came from OXENDON' now Oxendon Magna, a parish in Northampton, two or three miles from Harborough. The earliest of the name on record appears to be John de OXENDON, who was recorded in Northampton in the year 1273, and Stephen de OXINDON was recorded in Buckinghamshire in the same year. Ivo de OXINDEN was recorded in Northampton in 1316. Habitation names were originally acquired by the original bearer of the name, who, having lived by, at or near a place, would then take that name as a form of identification for himself and his family. When people lived close to the soil as they did in the Middle Ages, they were acutely conscious of every local variation in landscape and countryside. Every field or plot of land was identified in normal conversation by a descriptive term. If a man lived on or near a hill or mountain, or by a river or stream, forests and trees, he might receive the word as a family name. Almost every town, city or village in early times, has served to name many families. Later instances of the name include Henry OXENDEN, who registered at Oxford University in 1572, and William Dalton and Rebecca OXENDEN, were married in Canterbury, Kent in 1661. In the Middle Ages the Herald (old French herault) was an officer whose duty it was to proclaim war or peace, carry challenges to battle and messages between sovereigns; nowadays war or peace is still proclaimed by the heralds, but their chief duty as court functionaries is to superintend state ceremonies, such as coronations, installations, and to grant arms. Edward III (1327-1377) appointed two heraldic kings-at-arms for south and north, England in 1340. The English College of Heralds was incorporated by Richard III in 1483-84.
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