The surname of OVERSON was derived from the old French 'Oferson' a locational name meaning 'the dweller by the river-banks'. The name is familiar to Lincolnshire. It was probably brought to England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066. Many of the early names recorded in medieval documents denote noble families but many also indicate migration from the continent during, and in the wake of, the Norman invasion of 1066. There was a constant stream of merchants, workmen and others arriving in England during this time. In 1086 the Record of Great Inquisition of lands of England, their extent, value, ownership and liabilities was made by order of William The Conquerer. It is known as the Domesday Book. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. Early records of the name mention OVERSONE (without surname) who appears in County Essex in the year 1185, and William de Ovesone was documented in 1273 in the County of Linolnshire. Thomas Oversone was documented during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377) and Thomas Oversone of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Habitation names are derived from names denoting towns, villages, farmsteads or other named places, which include rivers, houses with signs on them, regions, or whole counties. The original bearer of the name who stayed in his area might be known by the name of his farm, or the locality in the parish; someone who moved to another town might be known by the name of his village; while someone who moved to another county could aquire the name of that county or the region from which he originated. Most of the European surnames were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name.
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