The universal surname of ORNE is of the baptismal group of surnames meaning 'the son of Arnold'. The name was derived from the Germanic elements meaning 'EAGLE' and 'RULE'. Its popularity in the Middle Ages is shown by its frequent use as a surname. The name is also spelt ORNER, ORME, ORMES, ORMSON, ORM, ARNE, ARNHOLD, ARNOLL, ARNOLD, ARNAUDIN and ARNISON to name but a few. ARNOLD of Brescia (1100-1155) was the Italian Augustinian monk, who attacked the holding of property by the Catholic church; he was hanged and burnt, and his ashes were thrown into the Tiber. It was not until the 10th century that modern hereditary surnames first developed, and the use of fixed names spread, first to France, and then England, then to Germany and all of Europe. In these parts of Europe, the individual man was becoming more important, commerce was increasing and the exact identification of each man was becoming a necessity. Even today however, the Church does not recognise surnames. Baptisms and marriages are performed through use of the Christian name alone. Thus hereditary names as we know them today developed gradually during the 11th to the 15th century in the various European countries. Early records of the name in England include Alice filius ORME, who was recorded in County Cambridge in the year 1273, and ORME de Neville was documented in Lincolnshire during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377). Over the centuries, most people in Europe have accepted their surname as a fact of life, as irrevocable as an act of God. However much the individual may have liked or disliked the surname, they were stuck with it, and people rarely changed them by personal choice. A more common form of variation was in fact involuntary, when an official change was made, in other words, a clerical error. Later instances of the name mention Thomas Scott, servant of John ORME, who was buried at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in the year 1593, and Edward ORMESON, was baptised at Prestbury Church, County Cheshire in 1609. The Rose depicted in the arms is used as a distinction for the seventh son. The Distinction of Houses are used to distinguish the younger from the elder branches of a family, and to show from which line each is descended.
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