The surname of OMAR was a Swedish ornamental name originally derived from the Swedish O (island) and EY (man). The name was rendered in Old Norman French as MAOR. The name was sometimes adopted as a topographic name by someone who lived on an island. The name has many variant spellings which include OMAN, OMER, OMARS and OMERS. (island branch) OQUIST (island twig) and OSTROM (island river). In the 17th century, so-called 'soldiers' names are found as the earliest kind of hereditary surnames in Sweden. These names were derived from vocabulary words, usually martial-sounding monosyllables such as Rapp (prompt) Rask (bold), or occasionally names of animals and birds. The names were bestowed on soldiers for administrative purposes, and no doubt in some cases derived from pre-existing nicknames. A notable member of the name was Sir Charles William Chadwick OMAN (1860-1946) the English historian, born in Muzaffarpur in India. He was educated at Winchester and New College, Oxford and was made a fellow of Alls Souls College in 1883, establishing his reputation with brilliant studies. In 1905 he was elected professor of Modern History at Oxford, and from 1919 to 1935 sat in parliament for the university. He also wrote 'Things I have seen' (1933) and 'Memories of Victorian Oxford' (1941). OMAR or UMAR (circa.581-644) was the second caliph. He was father of one of Mohammed's wives, and succeeded Abu-Bakr in 643. With his generals he built up an empire comprising Persia, Syria and all North Africa. He was assassinated in Medina by a Persian slave. OMAR KHAYYAM (circa.1050-1122) was the poet, mathematician and astronomer, born in Nishapur, Persia. Summoned to Merv by the Sultan, he reformed the Muslim calender, and was known to the Western world as a mathematician, until in 1859 a translation of his 'Rubaiyat' was published. The eagle depicted in the crest is emblematical of fortitude and magnanimity of mind. The Romans used the figure of an eagle for their ensign, and their example has been often followed. It is the device of Russia, Austria, Germany and the United States of America.
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