The surname of OIEN was a baptismal name 'the son of Owens' an ancient Welsh personal name. Early records of the name mention Ouen (without surname) listed in the Domesday Book of 1086. Owen Ap Gruffydd (died.1169) was the Prince of Gwynedd of North Wales. He fiercely resisted Henry II but ultimately submitted. The name is also spelt OWEN, OWENS, OWINGS, OWING and OUENS. Other records include Nicholas filius Owen who was documented in 1273 in Wales. Oenus filius Madoc, was also recorded in Wales in the year 1400. This Welsh surname is found in Ireland. They descend from settlers who went over to Ireland in the 17th century. Cornelius Owen and Elizabeth Rowell were married at St. George's Chapel, Mayfair, London in the year 1742. The bulk of European surnames in countries such as England and France were formed in the 13th and 14th centuries. The process started earlier and continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the 11th century people did not have surnames, whereas by the 15th century they did. A notable member of the name was Wilfred Owen (1893-1918) the English poet, born in Plas Wilmot, near Oswestry, Shropshire, where his father worked on the railway. He was educated at local schools and worked as a pupil teacher while preparing for the University of London. But money was too short for him to take up courses there. In 1913 he left England to teach English in Bordeaux at the Berlitz School of Languages. He enlisted in 1915, and suffered from trench fever and whilst in hospital began to write his poems. However, he was posted back to France where he won the MC, but was killed on the bank of the Oise-Sambre Canal, just a week before Armistice was signed. Only five of his poems were published while he was alive, but his work was collected in 1920, and published. The eagle depicted in the crest is emblematical of fortitude and magnanimity of mind. The Romans used the figure of an eagle for their ensign, and their example has been often followed. It is the device of Russia, Austria, Germany and the United States of America.
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