This ancient English surname of OGLETREE is also spelt OGLETHORPE, and was a locational name, literally meaning the dweller at the tree of ODKELL, from residence nearby. The name was brought into England in the wake of the Norman Invasion of 1066, and the earliest of the name on record appears to be OGLESTORP (without surname) who was listed as a tenant in the Domesday Book of 1086. The Norman Conquest in England in the year of 1066 revolutionized our personal nomenclature. The old English name system was gradually broken up and old English names became less common and were replaced by new names from the continent. Most of the early documents deal with the upper classes who realised that an additional name added prestige and practical advantage to their status. Names of peasants rarely occurred in medieval documents. In 1086 the compilation of the Domesday Book was ordered by William the Conqueror (1027-87), king of England from 1066. He was born in Falaise, the bastard son of Robert, Duke of Normandy, by Arlette, a tanner's daughter. On his father's death in 1035, the nobles accepted him as a duke. When Edward the Confessor, King of England died in 1066, William invaded England that Autumn, on 14th October, 1066 killing Harold (who had assumed the title of King). English government under William assumed a more feudal aspect, the King's tenants-in-chief and all title to land was derived from his grants, and the Domesday Book contains details of the land settlements, and the names of the owners of such. Later instances include OKELESTHORP (without surname) who was recorded in the West Riding of Yorkshire in 1180, and OKELESTHORP (without surname) was documented in 1240. Nicholas de OKOLSTORP was recorded in County York in 1273, and John de OKILSTHORP of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Robert OGELTHROPPE registered at Oxford University in 1581, and William, son of Thomas OGLETHORPE, was baptised at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in 1604. Robert OGLETHORPE and Sarah Haddon were married at the same church in the year 1663.
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