The Ogilvies take their name from Gilbert, a descendant of the ancient Earls of Angus, who was granted the barony of Ogilvie by William the Lion about 1163. The family acquired the barony of Cortachy about 1370. In 1392, Sir Walter Ogilvie of Auchterhouse was killed in a battle with Clan Donnachaidh. His son. the Sheriff of Angus, styled Lord Ogilvie, was killed at the Battle of Harlaw in 1411. Sir Walter, son of the Sheriff, was Lord High Treasurer, and built the tower of Airlie. He acquired, by marriage the barony of Linthrathen, and died in 1440. From Sir Walter, his younger son, were descended the Earls of Findlater and Seafield, and the Lords of Banff. The use of fixed surnames or descriptive names appears to have commenced in France about the year 1000, and such names were introduced into Scotland through the Normans a little over one hundred years later, although the custom of using them was by no means common for many years afterwards. During the reign of Malcolm Ceannmor (1057-1093) the latter directed his chief subjects, after the custom of other nations, to adopt surnames from their territorial possessions, and there created 'The first erlis that euir was in Scotland'. The family have held the title Earls of Airlie since 1639, and through the female line they also hold the title Earls of Seafield. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour.
Origin of Name: Place name, Angus
Plant Badge: Evergreen Alkanet, Whitehorn, Hawthorn.
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