The surname of OGDEN was a locational name 'of Oakden' a spot in South Lancashire. This name was indigenious to that area and was a familiar entry in mediavel documents. In fact, the family name so familiar to South Lancashire, sprang up in the neighbourhood of Crompton and the parish of Rochdale. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. Early records of the name mention John de Okedon, 1273, County Yorkshire. Richard de Okeden of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Many factors contributed to the establishment of a surname system. For generations after the Norman Conquest of 1066 a very few dynasts and magnates passed on hereditary surnames, but most of the population, with a wide choice of first-names out of Celtic, Old English, Norman and Latin, avoided ambiguity without the need for a second name. As society became more stabilized, there was property to leave in wills, the towns and villages grew and the labels that had served to distinguish a handful of folk in a friendly village were not adequate for a teeming slum where perhaps most of the householders were engaged in the same monotonous trade, so not even their occupations could distinguish them, and some first names were gaining a tiresome popularity, especially Thomas after 1170. The hereditary principle in surnames gained currency first in the South, and the poorer folk were slower to apply it. By the 14th century however, most of the population had acquired a second name. Later instances include Richard Davis and Mary Ogden who were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in the year 1794. Robert Oakden and Ann Hughes were married in the same church in 1806. An eminent member of the name was Charles Kay Ogden (1889-1957) the English linguistic reformer, educated at Rossell School. He studied classics at Cambridge, where he was founder-editor of the 'Cambridge Magazine'. In the 1920's he conceived the idea of Basic English, a simplified system of English as an international language with a restricted vocabulary of 850 words which he developed with the help of I.A. Richards. Originally the coat of arms identified the wearer, either in battle or in tournaments. Completely covered in body and facial armour the knight could be spotted and known by the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped garment which enveloped him.
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