The Swedish and Danish surname of OEST was a font name given to children born at Easter, or a name given to someone who had some connection with the festival of Easter, or perhaps from the name of a pagan festival connected with the dawn. The name was derived from the Old English word 'ESTRE'. It was also a locational name referring to the man that lived at the east of the town or village. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. The name is also spelt OERSTED, EASTERLING, OSTERER, OSTERMANN, OSTER, OSTERLE and OSTERN, to name but a few. Early records of the name mention ESTRA (without surname) listed as a tenant in the Domesday Book of 1086. The name was probably brought into England in the wake of the Norman Invasion of 1086. The names introduced into Britain by the Normans during the Invasion of 1066 were of three kinds. There were names of Norse origin which their ancestors had carried into Normandy; names of Germanic origin which the Frankish conquerors had brought across the Rhine and which had ousted the old Celtic and Latin names from France, and Biblical names and names of Latin and Greek saints. These names they retained even after the customs and language of the natives of Northern France had been adopted by them. After the Norman Conquest not only Normans, but Frenchmen and Bretons from other parts of France settled in England, and quite a few found their way north into Scotland. HEAUTESTRE (without surname) was documented in Chester in the year 1251 and Thomas EASTER appears in County Lancashire in 1273. John le ESTER was documented during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377) and William EASTERE of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. A notable member of the name was Hans Christian OERSTED (1777-1851) the Danish physicist. He was professor at the university of Copenhagen, and discovered in 1820, the magnetic effect produced by an electric current. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe.
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