This name was O'LOUGHRAN was derived from the Gaelic O'Luchrain. They were an Armagh family with a branch in Tyrone, notable for many distinguished ecclesiastics. The name is numerous there. Lutheran as well as Lochran are recorded as synonyms of the name. The most noteworthy of the name were Thomas O'Loughran (died 1416) Dean of Armagh; Father Patrick O'Loughran, who, after suffering torture was executed with the Bishop of Down and Connor in 1612. Father John O'Loughran of the same diocese who died in prison after torture in 1576, and Father Neilan Loughran, another martyr whom the Cromwellians hanged in 1562. Ireland is one of the earliest sources of the development of patronymic names in northern Europe. Irish Clan or bynames can be traced back to the 4th century B.C. and Mac (son of) and O (grandson or ancestor of) evolved from this base, the original literal meaning of which has been lost due to the absence of written records and linguistic ambivalences which subtly but inexorably became adopted through usage. Genealogists and lexographers accept that the patronymic base does not refer to a location, quite the contrary. The use of the prefix 'Bally' (town of) attaching to the base name, identifying the location. The base root was also adopted by people residing in the demographic area without a common ancestor. These groups called 'Septs' were specially prevalent in Ireland. The first Normans arrived in Ireland in the 12th and 13th centuries to form an alliance with the King of Leinster. Under Elizabeth I in the 16th century, settlers from England established themselves around Dublin, then under English control and Presbyterian Scots emigrated to Ulster, introducing English and Scottish roots. Friar O'Mellan, in his journal of the war in Ulster (1641-1647) mentioned four different O'Loughrans, members of the Franciscian order. The diary is written in Irish and he spells the name O'Laochthren. Families of the name were even then as numerous in County Tyrone as in County Armagh, a branch of the sept having settled in the former about the year 1430. The lion depicted in the arms is the noblest of all wild beasts which is made to be the emblem of strength and valour, and is on that account the most frequently borne in Coat-Armour.
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