Families of this name are found mainly in the region of Oriel, for the most part in County Armagh and in County Louth and County Down. Oriel was the homeland of their ancestral sept, O hEir. Hare may be in use as an anglicization of O hEir, at least one settler family was named Hare and brought that English surname to Ireland. Ireland was one of the first countries to evolve a system of hereditary surnames: they came into being fairly generally in the eleventh century, and indeed a few were formed before the year 1000. The usage of O' from the Gaelic 'UA' meant 'grandson' or 'descendant' and although many families have dropped the prefix this has not happened in the case of O'Hare. Early records of the name mention William Hare who was documented in 1366 in Edinburgh and Patrick Ahayre was recorded in 1415 in Ireland. When the sparse Irish population began to increase it became necessary to broaden the base of personal identification by moving from single names to a more definite nomenclature. The prefix MAC was given to the father's christian name, or O to that of a grandfather or even earlier ancestor. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour. The origin of badges and emblems, are traced to the earliest times, although, Heraldry, in fact, cannot be traced later than the 12th century, or at furthest the 11th century. At first armorial bearings were probably like surnames and assumed by each warrior at his free will and pleasure, his object being to distinguish himself from others. It has long been a matter of doubt when bearing Coats of Arms first became hereditary. It is known that in the reign of Henry V (1413-1422), a proclamation was issued, prohibiting the use of heraldic ensigns to all who could not show an original and valid right, except those 'who had borne arms at Agincourt'. The College of Arms (founded in 1483) is the Royal corporation of heralds who record proved pedigrees and grant armorial bearings.
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