The surname O'DURACK is O'DUBHRAIC in Irish. The name meant 'prosperity'. The Duracks who are of east Clare, were perhaps the greatest of the pioneer pastoral families of Australia. The story of their two and half year trek across the continent (1883-1885) makes enthralling reading. Two members of this family have distinguished themselves in modern Australian literature, and Fanny Durack (1891-1955), the Olympic Games winner, was the holder of eleven world records. Ireland is one of the earliest sources of the development of patronymic names in northern Europe. Irish Clan or bynames can be traced back to the 4th century B.C. and Mac (son of) and O (grandson or ancestor of) evolved from this base, the original literal meaning of which has been lost due to the absence of written records and linguistic ambivalences which subtly but inexorably became adopted through usage. Genealogists and lexographers accept that the patronymic base does not refer to a location, quite the contrary. The use of the prefix 'Bally' (town of) attaching to the base name, identifying the location. The base root was also adopted by people residing in the demographic area without a common ancestor. These groups called 'Septs' were specially prevalent in Ireland. The first Normans arrived in Ireland in the 12th and 13th centuries to form an alliance with the King of Leinster. Under Elizabeth I in the 16th century, settlers from England established themselves around Dublin, then under English control and Presbyterian Scots emigrated to Ulster, introducing English and Scottish roots. The name was taken to Scotland by early settlers and John Darach was the bailie of Stirling in 1406, and John Darach de Cruce was mentioned in 1445, and may be the same John Darraugh, commissioner for the burgh of Stirling in 1450. Jonete Darok is in record in 1458, and Mariote Darrauch appears as the nurse of the Lady Margaret, second daughter of James II. in 1462. Jacobus Darow was a notary public in 1477, and William Darroch was a witness in Ayr in 1505. Ninian Dorroche was burgess Freeman of Glasgow in 1608, and John Darroch was a merchant burgess of Glasgow in 1620. Bertie Derrock was a tenant of Caldwell in 1632, and Alexander Dorrach appear in Falkirk in 1684.
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