The surname of NYQUIST is a Swedish, German, Norwegian and English surname which was derived from the Old English word 'neowe', meaning the newcomer to the town or village. The name was derived from the Anglo-Saxon word 'niwe' and was very familiar to medieval records and documents. The name has numerous variant spellings which include NEWLAND, NEU, NEY, NEYE, NEYGE, NIGE, NYHLEN, NEWSON, NYBERG (new hill), NYQVIST (new twig) NYSTEDT (new homestead) and NYSTROM (new river). In the 17th century, so-called 'soldiers' names are found as the earliest kind of hereditary surnames in Sweden. These names were derived from vocabulary words, usually martial-sounding monosyllables such as Rapp (prompt) Rask (bold), or occasionally names of animals and birds. The names were bestowed on soldiers for administrative purposes, and no doubt in some cases derived from pre-existing nicknames. The Swedes have in recent times combined two words together to manufacture family names to take the place of their common patronymics, terminating in BERG (mountain), STROM (stream), ALM (elm), BLAD (leaf), HED (meadow), LUND (grove), SKOG (forest) and WAHL (field), to name but a few. These words are not just any words, but are usually nature words combined for easy pronunciation. This custom has been actively encouraged by the Swedish government and there are some 56,000 combinations of the variants. Most Swedes did not adopt hereditary surnames until late, and the patronymic system was still in use in rural areas until late in the 19th century. In the absence of evidence to the contrary it is thought that people may have adopted their surname from the area in which they lived. A minor notable of the name was Roy Henning NYQUIST, born on the 2nd June, 1907. He was a Surgeon, and his appointments included Medical Officer at the Veterans Administration from 1946; Attending Staff, Los Angeles County General Hospital (1951-1963); Instructor, then Assistant Clinical Professor, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of California. He also contributed to professional journals.
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