The surname of NYLANDER is a Swedish, German, Norwegian and English surname which was derived from the Old English word 'neowe', meaning the newcomer to the town or village. The name was derived from the Anglo-Saxon word 'niwe' and was very familiar to medieval records and documents. The name has numerous variant spellings which include NEWLAND, NEU, NEY, NEYE, NEYGE, NIGE, NYHLEN, NEWSON, NYBERG (new hill), NYLUND (new grove), NYQVIST (new twig) NYSTEDT (new homestead) and NYSTROM (new river). Many of the name may be descended from Roger Newland, Esq., of Newlands, County Southampton, who, having failed in the attempt to effect the escape of Charles I. from Carisbroke Castle, suffered death on the scaffold, exclaiming, "Deprived of my life and my property, I leave to my prosperity, Le nom, les armes, la loyaute," which has since been retained as the motto of the family. Early records of the name mention William Newland and Mary Spratt, who were married at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in 1670. The name was a topographic name for someone who lived by a patch of land recently brought into cultivation, or recently added to the village, or a habitation name from any of a number of settlements called Newland for this reason. There was an old barony of Newlands in the sheriffdom of Kincardine, and a parish of the name in Peebleshire, from either of which the surname may have been derived. The name was common in Glasgow in the sixteenth century, and common in the parish of Dalswinton till recent times, Jasper Newlands of that Ilk is in record in 1469, and Duncan Newlandis was the bailie of the burgh of Linlithgow in 1493. Peter Newlandis was a witness there in 1537, and Kentigern Newlandis was also a charter witness in 1542. Joneta Neulands was recorded in 1675, and Robert Newlands was the burgess of Edinburgh in 1726. A notable member of the name was D'Arcy Francis NILAND (1919-67) the Australian author, born in New South Wales. Between 1949 and 1952 he won many prizes for short stories and novels. In 1955 he achieved international fame with his novel 'The Shiralee'.
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