The associated coat of arms for this name are recorded in J.B Rietstaps Armorial General. Illustrated by V & H.V Rolland's. This Monumental work took 23 years to complete and 85,000 coats of Arms are included in this work. This surname of NURNBERGER is a Jewish habitation name from the city of Nuremberg in north Bavaria. The name in Yiddish is NIRNBERG and German NURNBERG. Other spellings of the name include NIRNEBERG, NURENBERG and NURNBERGE. Each September from 1933 to 1938 there was an organized giant Party Rally at NUREMBERG with torchlight processions culminating in a speech by Hitler. At the 1935 rally he announced decrees which debased all Jews to second-class citizens, closed the professions to them and forbade mixed marriages between Jew and non-Jew, 'for the protection of German blood and German honour'. Thankfully at the Nuremberg Trials, a series of thirteen trials over two years before US, British, French and Soviet judges; 177 Germans and Austrians were indicted. Between 1880 and 1914, almost three million Jews left Eastern Europe, representing the most extensive migration in Jewish history since the expulsion of Jews from Spain at the end of the 15th century. Most of the emigrants fled from Russia, where pogroms had raged, and where the laws of Czar Alexander III had oppressed Jewish life. Most of the emigrants departed from Hamburg and went to the United States, but some emigrated to Australia, Argentina, Brazil, Canada and South Africa. While the vast majority of the immigrants to America came through Ellis Island from 1907 to 1914 thousands of East European Jews participated in a little known episode in American Jewish history. They migrated through the port of Galveston, Texas and then were routed to towns throughout the Midwest where lodging and jobs awaited them. Among the humbler classes of European society, and especially among illiterate people, individuals were willing to accept the mistakes of officials, clerks and priests as officially bestowing a new version of their surname, just as they had meekly accepted the surname they had been born with. In North America, the linguistic problems confronting immigration officials at Ellis Island in the 19th century were legendary as a prolific source of Anglicization.
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