The associated coat of arms is recorded in Sir Bernard Burke's General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. This ancient English surname of NOTTINGHAM was a name which was applied to someone who came from Nottingham, in Nottinghamshire. The earliest of the placename on record appears to be SNOTNGEHAM, which was listed in the Domesday Book of 1086. Other records of the name include Hugh de NOTINGHAM, who was documented in Buckinghamshire in the year 1273, and Robert de NOTINGHAM appears in the same year. The name was in Scotland at an early date and Henricus de NOTHINGHAM was the canon of Cathness in 1272. Surnames can be divided into four categories; place names, occupation names, nicknames and patronymics. PLACE NAMES are the largest group and covers all those names first applied to people who lived in or nearby to a particular place. For example, Grove, Wood, Field, Meadow, and Street are obvious. Occasionally names were taken from obscure villages or hamlets which no longer exist and this can make research confusing. OCCUPATION NAMES cover nearly all trades which existed in the Middle Ages. These are numerous. It does not necessarily follow that such names as King, Duke, Earl and so on mean your ancestors were of noble blood. It is much more likely that such named people worked for the person referred to. NICKNAMES. This is a smaller group but in many ways more interesting. They usually originated as a by-name for someone by describing their appearance, personal disposition or character but which became handed down through the ages and did not apply to their descendants. For instance the name Black would denote a dark man, Little, someone small (or even somewhat ambiguously) someone tall. PATRONYMICS. This group covers all names which derive immediately from the owner's father. Many christian names which are also surnames have, over the years, lost the possessive form but the origin is still the same. Examples of this could be names such as Peter,Thomas, Henry - all names which became both christian and surnames over the years. Later instances of the name include Frances NOTTINGHAM and Mary HALLIWELL, who were married at St. Peter, Cornhill, London in the year 1552, and John, son of John NOTTINGHAM, was baptised at St. John the Baptist on Wallbrook, London in 1718.
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