The surname of NORTH was a locational name - the dweller at the north of the village or town. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. The name was originally brought into England in the wake of the Norman Invasion of 1066, and Robertus North of County Essex, was recorded in 1086. Many of the early names recorded in medieval documents denote noble families but many also indicate migration from the continent during, and in the wake of, the Norman invasion of 1066. There was a constant stream of merchants, workmen and others arriving in England during this time. In 1086 the Record of Great Inquisition of lands of England, their extent, value, ownership and liabilities was made by order of William The Conqueror. It is known as the Domesday Book. Since the dawn of civilisation the need to communicate has been a prime drive of all higher mankind. The more organised the social structure became, the more urgent the need to name places, objects and situations essential to the survival and existence of the social unit. From this common stem arose the requirements to identify families, tribes and individual members evolving into a pattern in evidence today. In the formation of this history, common usage of customs, trades, locations, patronymic and generic terms were often adopted as surnames. The demands of bureaucracy formally introduced by feudal lords in the 11th century, to define the boundaries and families within their fiefdoms, crystallized the need for personal identification and accountability, and surnames became in general use from this time onwards. Other records of the name mention John de North of London in 1273. Robert North, County Oxford, ibid. Willelmus del North and Margareta del North were listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. James Northe of Hellinge, County Lancashire, Wills at Chester in 1558. Elias Philip and Joan North were married at St. Antholin, London in 1706. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. The lion depicted in the arms is the noblest of all wild beasts which is made to be the emblem of strength and valour, and is on that account the most frequently borne in Coat-Armour.
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