The surname of NORMAN was applied either to a Scandinavian settler or to someone from Normandy in Northern France. The Scandinavians of the Dark Ages called themselves NOROMAOR meaning 'men from the North. When they settled in England and Northern France, the term was adopted by the local people. Other spellings of the name include NORMAND, NORMAN, NORMANE, NORMOND and LENORMAND. Early records of the name mention Normannus (without surname) listed in the Domesday Book of 1086. Alicia filius Normanus, was documented in the year 1273 County Yorkshire. Norman de Arcy of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Baptised. Geoffrey Normand, St. Mary, Aldermary, London in 1583. Anne, daughter of Anthonie Norman was baptised at the same church in the year 1583. Following the crusades in Europe in the 11th, 12th and 13th centuries, a need was felt for a family name to replace the one given at birth, or in addition to it. This was recognized by those of noble birth, and particularly by those who went on the Crusades, as it added prestige and practical advantage to their status. The acquisition of surnames in Europe during the past eight hundred years has been affected by many factors, including social class and social structure, naming practices in neighbouring cultures, and indigenous cultural tradition. On the whole, the richer and more powerful classes tended to acquire surnames earlier than the working classes and the poor, while surnames were quicker to catch on in urban areas than in more sparsely populated rural areas. These facts suggest that the origin of surnames is associated with the emergence of bureaucracies. As long as land tenure, military service, and fealty were matters of direct relationship between a lord and his vassals, the need did not arise for fixed distinguishing epithets to mark out one carl from another. But as societies became more complex, and as such matters as the management of tenure and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to have a more complex system of nomenclature to distinguish one individual from another reliably and unambiguously.
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