The surname of NORGRAVE was a locational name ' one who lived at the north grove of the town or village. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land and indicated where he actually lived. Early records of the name mention Thomas de Norgrave, 1311, County Lancashire. During the Middle Ages surnames were first used in order to distinguish between numbers of people bearing the same christian name. As taxation, under William The Conqueror, who invaded England in 1066, became the law, documentation became essential, and names were chosen from a man's trade, his father's name, some personal physical characteristic, or from his place of residence. Surnames derived from placenames are divided into two broad categories; topographic names and habitation names. Topographic names are derived from general descriptive references to someone who lived near a physical feature such as an oak tree, a hill, a stream or a church. Habitation names are derived from pre-existing names denoting towns, villages and farmsteads. Other classes of local names include those derived from the names of rivers, individual houses with signs on them, regions and whole countries. Later instances of the name mention Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas NORGOVE, who was buried at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in the year 1632, and Thomas, son of Thomas NORGROVE was baptised at St. Mary, Aldermary, London in 1633. Sarah, daughter of William Norgrove, was baptised at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in 1731. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe. The coat of arms depicted here have been quartered as North and Grove. The lion depicted in the arms is the noblest of all wild beasts which is made to be the emblem of strength and valour, and is on that account the most frequently borne in Coat-Armour.
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