This surname of NOGLE is a French topographic name for someone who lived near a walnut tree. The name was derived from the Old French word NOYER, and rendered in ancient documents in the Latin form NUCARIUS, meaning 'nut'. Other spellings of the name include NOYER, NOYES, DUNOYER, DESNOYERS, NOUGUIER, NOGUER, NOUGUES, NOGUERA, NOGUES, NOGUEIRRA, NOGALES and NOGUEIRA. During the 17th century surnames were brought to Britain, North America and southern Africa by French Huguenot exiles. The Huguenots were French Protestants, and in 1572 large numbers of them were massacred in Paris on the orders of Queen Catherine de'Medici. Many of the survivors sought refuge in England and elsewhere. Although the Edict of Nantes (1598) officially guaranteed religious toleration, persecution continued, and the Edict was revoked by Louis XIV in 1685. It was then the trickle of emigration became a flood. Many migrated to England, while others joined groups of Dutch Protestants settling around the Cape of Good Hope. Others sailed across the Atlantic to establish themselves in North America. A notable member of the name was Alfred NOYES (1880-1958) the English poet, born in Staffordshire. He began writing verse as an undergraduate as Oxford, and on the strength of getting a volume published in his final year he left without taking a degree. This book 'The Loom of Years' (1902) was followed by others which attracted notice. He published literary essays, and also wrote plays and studies of William Morris and Voltaire. In the Middle Ages the Herald (old French herault) was an officer whose duty it was to proclaim war or peace, carry challenges to battle and messages between sovereigns; nowadays war or peace is still proclaimed by the heralds, but their chief duty as court functionaries is to superintend state ceremonies, such as coronations, installations, and to grant arms. Edward III (1327-1377) appointed two heraldic kings-at-arms for south and north, England in 1340. The English College of Heralds was incorporated by Richard III in 1483-84.
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