This Czech, Italian and English surname of NICODEMUS was a baptismal name meaning 'the descendant of Nicodemus' (conqueror of the people). The name was originally derived from the given name NIKODEM composed of the elements NIKE (victory) and DEMOS (people). The name was adopted in Eastern Europe in honour of the Nicodemus mentioned in the New Testament, a member of the Sanhedrin who helped to bury Christ after he was taken down from the cross. The name is also spelt NYKODYM, KODYM, KODES and KODAT. The modern state of Czechoslovakia is going through a transitional phase as a result of the fall of the Iron Curtain. Its various regions encompassed the medieval provinces of Bohemia, Moravia, and Slovakia. The first two of these, where the language properly called Czech is spoken, were heavily subject to German cultural and linguistic influence from the Middle Ages onwards, being administratively a Crownland of Austria for much of the time until independence in 1918. This influence is reflected in the many Czech surnames derived from German, both from given names, and from vocabulary words. Occupational names are quite common in Czech as are nicknames, especially those referring to some physical feature. Many of the most common Czech surnames have the diminutive ending 'CEK', which is often found attached to these names. When the first immigrants from Europe went to America, the only names current in the new land were Indian names which did not appeal to Europeans vocally, and the Indian names did not influence the surnames or Christian names already possessed by the immigrants. Mostly the immigrant could not read or write and had little or no knowledge as to the proper spelling, and their names suffered at the hands of the government officials. The early town records are full of these mis-spelt names most of which gradually changed back to a more conventional spelling as education progressed. The eagle depicted in the crest is emblematical of fortitude and magnanimity of mind. The Romans used the figure of an eagle for their ensign, and their example has been often followed. It is the device of Russia, Austria, Germany and the United States of America.
Orders over $85 qualify for Free Shipping within the U.S. (Use coupon code: FREESHIP).