This surname of NEWHALL was of the locational group of surnames meaning 'one who came from NEWHALL' townships in counties Chester and York. The name is also spelt NEWALL, NEWELL and NEWALLS. Early records of the name include Thomas atte NYWEHALLE, who was recorded in County Somerset, during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377) and Hugo de NEUHALLE of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Surnames derived from placenames are divided into two broad categories; topographic names and habitation names. Topographic names are derived from general descriptive references to someone who lived near a physical feature such as an oak tree, a hill, a stream or a church. Habitation names are derived from pre-existing names denoting towns, villages and farmsteads. Other classes of local names include those derived from the names of rivers, individual houses with signs on them, regions and whole countries. It was not until the 10th century that modern hereditary surnames first developed, and the use of fixed names spread, first to France, and then England, then to Germany and all of Europe. In these parts of Europe, the individual man was becoming more important, commerce was increasing and the exact identification of each man was becoming a necessity. Even today however, the Church does not recognise surnames. Baptisms and marriages are performed through use of the Christian name alone. Thus hereditary names as we know them today developed gradually during the 11th to the 15th century in the various European countries. Later instances of the name include Richard NEWALL of Chester, who was listed in the Wills at Chester in 1630, and George Hunter and Honor NEWELL were married in Canterbury, Kent in the year 1686. Matthew NEWALL and Mary Moore, were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1755, and John NEWELL wed Sarah Caudery at the same church in 1764. In the Middle Ages the Herald (old French herault) was an officer whose duty it was to proclaim war or peace, carry challenges to battle and messages between sovereigns; nowadays war or peace is still proclaimed by the heralds, but their chief duty as court functionaries is to superintend state ceremonies, such as coronations, installations, and to grant arms. Edward III (1327-1377) appointed two heraldic kings-at-arms for south and north, England in 1340. The English College of Heralds was incorporated by Richard III in 1483-84.
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