This surname of NEWBURN is a locational name for someone who came from NEWBOURN, places in Suffolk and Northumberland and there are places of the name in Fife and near Stirling in Scotland. The name was originally rendered in the Old English form NEUBURNE, literally meaning 'the dweller at the new stream'. The name is also spelt NEWBOURN, NEWBOURNE, NEWBURNE and NEUBURNE. The earliest of the name on record appears to be NEUBRUNNA (without surname) who was listed in the Domesday Book of 1086, and NEUBROUNIA (without surname) was recorded in County Suffolk in the year 1160. Hugo le NEUBONDE was recorded in Cambridge in the year 1271, and William NEWEBONDE was documented in 1275. Surnames derived from placenames are divided into two broad categories; topographic names and habitation names. Topographic names are derived from general descriptive references to someone who lived near a physical feature such as an oak tree, a hill, a stream or a church. Habitation names are derived from pre-existing names denoting towns, villages and farmsteads. Other classes of local names include those derived from the names of rivers, individual houses with signs on them, regions and whole countries. A later instance of the name includes John NEWBURN, who was recorded in Stirling, Scotland in the year 1724. It was not until the 10th century that modern hereditary surnames first developed, and the use of fixed names spread, first to France, and then England, then to Germany and all of Europe. In these parts of Europe, the individual man was becoming more important, commerce was increasing and the exact identification of each man was becoming a necessity. Even today however, the Church does not recognise surnames. Baptisms and marriages are performed through use of the Christian name alone. Thus hereditary names as we know them today developed gradually during the 11th to the 15th century in the various European countries. The Rose depicted in the arms is used as a distinction for the seventh son. The Distinction of Houses are used to distinguish the younger from the elder branches of a family, and to show from which line each is descended.
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