This surname was a locational name 'of Newbury' a town in County Berkshire. Also 'of Newborough' a parish in County Northants, five miles from Peterborough and finally, a township in the parish of Coxwold in the North Riding of Yorkshire. In the middle ages it was customary for a man to be named after the village where he lived, or from the land that he owned. This name would identify his whole family and followed them wherever they moved. The name was derived from the Old English word NEUBERIE, and literally meant the dweller near the castle. Early records of the name mention NIWEBERIA (without surname) 1165, County Northumberland. NEUBIRIAE (without surname) was recorded in 1152. Henry de Neubury appears in 1273 in County Buckinghamshire. Thomas Newbery of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Later instances of the name include Anthony Newbery who was baptised at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in 1680. Jeremiah Newborough married Elizabeth Conniers in Canterbury, Kent in the year 1688. Thomas Newborough and Martha Atkins were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1693. During the Middle Ages, when people were unable to read or write, signs were needed for all visual identification. For several centuries city streets in Britain were filled with signs of all kinds, public houses, tradesmen and even private householders found them necessary. This was an age when there were no numbered houses, and an address was a descriptive phrase that made use of a convenient landmark. At this time, coats of arms came into being, for the practical reason that men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way.
The name was taken early to Scotland by settlers, and William Newbery appears in Leith in the year 1675. Joseph Newberrie was married in Edinburgh in 1677.
Arms recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory.
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