The surname of NEWBILL was a locational name 'the dweller at the new building' from residence therein. The name was originally derived from the Anglo-Saxon word NEUBOLD, and was brought into England by settlers during the wake of the Norman Invasion of 1066. The name is also spelt NEWBOULD, NEWBALD, NEUBALD, NEWEBALD, NEWBALL and NEUBOLT. There are parishes that bear this name in counties Warwick, Worcester, and Leciestershire, and there are also hamlets in counties Leicester and Derby, Northants and Warwickshire. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. Almost every city, town or village existing in the Middle Ages has served to name one or more families. Where a man lived was his means of identification. When a man left his birthplace or village where he had been known, and went elsewhere, people would likely refer to him by the name of his former residence or birthplace, or by the name of the land which he owned. Early records of the name mention John de Neubald of County Salop, who was documented in the year 1273, and Richard de Newebald appears in Oxford in the same year. Robertus de Newbold of Yorkshire, was listed in the 1379 Yorkshire Poll Tax. During the Middle Ages, when people were unable to read or write, signs were needed for all visual identification. For several centuries city streets in Britain were filled with signs of all kinds, public houses, tradesmen and even private householders found them necessary. This was an age when there were no numbered houses, and an address was a descriptive phrase that made use of a convenient landmark. At this time, coats of arms came into being, for the practical reason that men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way. Later instances of the name include Joseph, son of John Newball who was baptised at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in 1654, and William Glenister married Elizabeth Newboult in County Buckinghamshire in 1693. George Ernest Eller wed Mary Newbolt at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1726.
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