This surname was a locational name 'of Newbury' a town in County Berkshire. Also 'of Newborough' a parish in County Northants, five miles from Peterborough and finally, a township in the parish of Coxwold in the North Riding of Yorkshire. In the middle ages it was customary for a man to be named after the village where he lived, or from the land that he owned. This name would identify his whole family and followed them wherever they moved. The name was derived from the Old English word NEUBERIE, and literally meant the dweller near the castle. Early records of the name mention NIWEBERIA (without surname) 1165, County Northumberland. NEUBIRIAE (without surname) was recorded in 1152. Henry de Neubury appears in 1273 in County Buckinghamshire. Baptised. Anthony Newbery at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in 1680. Before the 1066 Conquest names were rare in England, the few examples found were mainly adopted by those of the clergy or one who had taken holy orders. In 1086 the conquering Duke William of Normandy commanded the Domesday Book. He wanted to know what he had and who held it, and the Book describes Old English society under its new management in minute detail. It was then that surnames began to be taken for the purposes of tax-assessment. The nobles and the upper classes were first to realise the prestige of a second name, but it was not until the 15th century that most people had acquired a second name. Later instances of the name mention Jeremiah Newborough who married Elizabeth Conniers in Canterbury, Kent in the year 1688. Thomas Newborough and Martha Atkins were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1693. The name was taken early to Scotland by settlers, and William Newbery appears in Leith in the year 1675. Joseph Newberrie was married in Edinburgh in 1677. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe. Arms recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
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