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Netherton Coat of Arms / Netherton Family Crest

The surname of NETHERTON was a locational name from Nether and Upper Thong, small places in the West Riding of Yorkshire. The name literally meant dweller at the lower farm, and was derived from the Old English NEOTHERETUNE. Local names usually denoted where the original bearer of the name held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. The earliest of the name recorded appears to be THUANGE (without surname) who was documented in the West Riding of Yorkshire in 1200, and THWANGCASTRE (without surname) was listed in 1232. Prior to the Norman Invasion of William the Conqueror in the year 1066, no one had surnames, only christian or nicknames in England. Based on this, and our physical attributes, we were given surnames incorporating tax codes to show trades, the areas in which we lived, as today we have street names and numbers. Surnames were used in France and like speaking countries from about the year 1000, and a few places had second names even earlier. Even early monarchs had additions to show attributes and character, for example Ethelred (red-hair) the Unready (never prepared) and Edward 1. was named 'Long shanks' because of his long legs. Other records of the name mention Nedertun (without surname) of the County of Yorkshire who was recorded in 1250 and Petronilla de la Netherton of the County of Surrey was documented in the year 1275. Walter atte Nutherton of the County of Surrey was recorded in the year 1330. The origin of badges and emblems, are traced to the earliest times, although, Heraldry, in fact, cannot be traced later than the 12th century, or at furthest the 11th century. At first armorial bearings were probably like surnames and assumed by each warrior at his free will and pleasure, his object being to distinguish himself from others. It has long been a matter of doubt when bearing Coats of Arms first became hereditary. It is known that in the reign of Henry V (1413-1422), a proclamation was issued, prohibiting the use of heraldic ensigns to all who could not show an original and valid right, except those 'who had borne arms at Agincourt'. The College of Arms (founded in 1483) is the Royal corporation of heralds who record proved pedigrees and grant armorial bearings.

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last updated on: November 23rd, 2019

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