The surname of NEEDS was a baptismal name 'the son of Ede' or Eadie. After the Crusades in Europe, in the 11th 12th and 13th century people began, perhaps unconsciously, to feel the need of a family name, or at least a name in addition to the simple one that had been possessed from birth. The nobles and upper classes, especially those who went on the Crusades, observed the prestige and practical value of an added name, and were quick to take a surname. Early records of the name mention Mary, daughter of Richard Nede, who was baptised at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in the year 1678. William Smith and Barbara Needs were married at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in 1729. William Need and Mary Long were married at St, George's, Hanover Square, London in the year 1780.
The associated coat of arms is recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. Registered to Thomas Needs, gent, of Great Queen Street, London in 1770. He married Mary, daughter of Benjamin Grazebrook Esq, of Bisley, County Gloucestershire, by whom he had two daughters, his co-heiresses. Mary-Anne who married Michael Grazebrook of Audnam County Stafford, and Charlotte who married Thomas Vere Fox in London in 1795. The origin of badges and emblems, are traced to the earliest times, although, Heraldry, in fact, cannot be traced later than the 12th century, or at furthest the 11th century. At first armorial bearings were probably like surnames and assumed by each warrior at his free will and pleasure, his object being to distinguish himself from others. It has long been a matter of doubt when bearing Coats of Arms first became hereditary. It is known that in the reign of Henry V (1413-1422), a proclamation was issued, prohibiting the use of heraldic ensigns to all who could not show an original and valid right, except those 'who had borne arms at Agincourt'. The College of Arms (founded in 1483) is the Royal corporation of heralds who record proved pedigrees and grant armorial bearings.
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