This surname NEASOM is of the category of surnames deriving from the place that the original bearer of the name actually lived in this case, one who came from Neasham, the town of the place in County Durham, four miles east of Darlington. The name was derived from the Old English word NEASHAMM, literally meaning the dweller on the flat, low lying land, or homestead. Habitation names are derived from names denoting towns, villages, farmsteads or other named places, which include rivers, houses with signs on them, regions, or whole counties. The original bearer of the name who stayed in his area might be known by the name of his farm, or the locality in the parish; someone who moved to another town might be known by the name of his village; while someone who moved to another county could acquire the name of that county or the region from which he originated. The name was taken to Ireland by early settlers where it is Gaelicized as Mac Naois, a shortened form of MacAoghuis, meaning the son of Angus.
The origin of badges and emblems, are traced to the earliest times, although, Heraldry, in fact, cannot be traced later than the 12th century, or at furthest the 11th century. At first armorial bearings were probably like surnames and assumed by each warrior at his free will and pleasure, his object being to distinguish himself from others. It has long been a matter of doubt when bearing Coats of Arms first became hereditary. It is known that in the reign of Henry V (1413-1422), a proclamation was issued, prohibiting the use of heraldic ensigns to all who could not show an original and valid right, except those 'who had borne arms at Agincourt'. The College of Arms (founded in 1483) is the Royal corporation of heralds who record proved pedigrees and grant armorial bearings.
There are many variant spellings of the name which include Neeson, Neason, and Nesham.
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