The surname of NAILOR was derived from the Old English NAEGEL - a maker of nails. The name is found early in the North of England and frequently in mediaevel records. The name is also spelt Naylor and Naylar. Early records of the name mention Stephen le Naillere of London in 1231. James le Nayler of the County of Yorkshire in was documented in the year 1273. John de Naillour was documented in County Northumberland, during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377). Willelmus Naylor of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Robert Nayler and Margaret Larke were married at St. James's. Clerkenwell, London in 1565. William, son of Wylfrecan Naylor was baptised at the same church in 1603. John Hicks and Sarah Nailor were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1744. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. The rise of surnames, according to the accepted theory, was due to the Norman Conquest of 1066 when Old English personal-names were rapidly superseded by the new christian names introduced by the Normans. Of these, only a few were really popular and in the 12th century this scarcity of christian names led to the increasing use of surnames to distinguish the numerous individuals of the same name. Some Normans had hereditary surnames before they came to England, but there is evidence that surnames would have developed in England even had there been no Norman Conquest. The development of the feudal system made it essential that the king should know exactly what service each person owed. Payments to and by the exchequer required that debtors and creditors should be particularized, and it became official that each individual acquired exact identification.
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