The surname of MURTIMER was a locational name 'de Mortimer' - the castle and barony of Mortemer lie in the arrondissment of Neufchatel in Normandy, France. The name was brought to England in the wake of the Norman Conqueror of 1066. A locational name usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. The original bearer would take his name from the village, town or the area where he dwelt. This name would identify his whole family, and would follow them wherever they moved Following the Crusades in Europe a need was felt for a family name. This was recognized by those of noble blood, who realised the prestige and practical advantage that it would add to their status. Early records of the name mention Ralph de Mortemer who was listed in the Domesday Book of 1086. Peter Mortemer of the County of Sussex was documented in the year 1296. Willelmus Mortimere was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. William Mortimer was registered at Oxford University in 1581.
This was the name of a powerful Anglo-Norman family who became established in the Welsh marches. The founder was Roger de Mortimer (1054-74) whose name is derived from the castle of Mortimer-en-Brai. His son Ralph Mortimer (died 1104?) was awarded lands in the marches which had been forfeited by the Earl of Hereford. Another member of this family, Roger de Mortimer, Ist Earl of March (1287-1330) was the lover of Queen Isabella. He invaded England in 1326, and forced her husband, King Edward II to abdicate in favour of his son Edward III but was later executed by the latter. Surnames before the Norman Conquest of 1066 were rare in England having been brought by the Normans when William the Conqueror invaded the shores. The practice spread to Scotland and Ireland by the 12th century, and in Wales they appeared as late as the 16th century. Most surnames can be traced to one of four sources, locational, from the occupation of the original bearer, nicknames or simply font names based on the first name of the parent being given as the second name to their child.
The associated arms are recorded in Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
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