This German surname MUENCHOW was a name given to one who belonged to a religious order, a man of the cloth, a priest. The name is also spelt MOENCH and MUNCH. The name has travelled widely throughout Europe, and has made its way across the Atlantic to the United States. During the 17th century surnames were brought to Britain, North America and southern Africa by French Huguenot exiles. The Huguenots were French Protestants, and in 1572 large numbers of them were massacred in Paris on the orders of Queen Catherine de'Medici. Many of the survivors sought refuge in England and elsewhere. Although the Edict of Nantes (1598) officially guaranteed religious toleration, persecution continued, and the Edict was revoked by Louis XIV in 1685. It was then the trickle of emigration became a flood. Many migrated to England, while others joined groups of Dutch Protestants settling around the Cape of Good Hope. Others sailed across the Atlantic to establish themselves in North America. Early records of the name in England include William le Monk, 1273, County Yorkshire. Johannes Mounke et Agnes, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Willelmus Mounke et Alicia uxor ejus, 1379, ibid. William Worslye and Agnes Monke were married at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in the year 1638. When the first immigrants from Europe went to America, the only names current in the new land were Indian names which did not appeal to Europeans vocally, and the Indian names did not influence the surnames or Christian names already possessed by the immigrants. Mostly the immigrant could not read or write and had little or no knowledge as to the proper spelling, and their names suffered at the hands of the government officials. The early town records are full of these mis-spelt names most of which gradually changed back to a more conventional spelling as education progressed. Linden Hall Seminary was founded in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania in the year 1794. The descriptive account of the Hall is as follows:- 'This institution for the education of young ladies, came into existence at the request of parents living in Pennsylvania and Maryland, who desired to have their daughters instructed in the elements of polite education, while their physical and religious well-being should at the same time be specially considered and fostered'. One of the Principals of Linden Hall Seminary include one Charles L. MOENCH who presided from 1897-1898.
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