This surname of MUCK is familiar to the West Midlands, a habitation name from Mucklows Hill, to the West of Birmingham, or from Muckley Corner, near Lichfield in Staffordshire. Both these names are from the Old English MICEL (large) and HLAW (hill) literally meaning a dweller at a large hill. The name is also spelt MUKELEY, MUCHELOW, MUCK, MUCKE, MUCKLE and MUTCHELL. Since the dawn of civilisation the need to communicate has been a prime drive of all higher mankind. The more organised the social structure became, the more urgent the need to name places, objects and situations essential to the survival and existence of the social unit. From this common stem arose the requirements to identify families, tribes and individual members evolving into a pattern in evidence today. In the formation of this history, common usage of customs, trades, locations, patronymic and generic terms were often adopted as surnames. The demands of bureaucracy formally introduced by feudal lords in the 11th century, to define the boundaries and families within their fiefdoms, crystallized the need for personal identification and accountability, and surnames became in general use from this time onwards. The earliest of the name on record appears to be MUKELEY (without surname) who was documented in County Nottingham in the year 1199, and MUCHELOW (without surname) appears in Lincolnshire in 1273. Most of the European surnames in countries such as England, Scotland and France were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name. The lion depicted in the crest is the noblest of all wild beasts which is made to be the emblem of strength and valour, and is on that account the most frequently borne in Coat-Armour.
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