This surname of MUCHOW is of two-fold origin. It was a French nickname from the housefly, denoting a small light person, an insignificant one, or an irritating one. The name rendered in medieval documents in the Latin form MUSCA. Other spellings of the name include MOUQUE, LAMOUCHE, LAMOUQUE, MOSCA, MOSCHI, MUSCA, MOUCHEZ and MOSCHINI, to name but a few. It was also an occupational name for someone who cultivated the muscat or muscatel grape for the making of wine. During the Middle Ages the manufacture and fermenting of wines and ale was necessary in every small village. Ale was the people's food in liquid form, and was consumed by everybody at all times. The extreme poverty of the Franciscans when they first settled in London was noted by a writer at the time 'I have seen the brothers drink ale so sour that some would have preferred to drink water'. In early times each villager usually brewed his own drink although he often had to pay the lord of the manor for the privilege of using his equipment. In later times the manufacture of ales and wine became an important monastic industry. French, or rather Norman French, was the language of the aristocracy and the upper classes in England at the time fixed surnames were being developed, it is therefore not surprising that many of our well-known family names are derived from French words. Originally only Christian or personal names were used, and although a few came into being during the 10th century, surnames were not widely used until much later, when people began to realize the prestige of having a second name. America was colonized by peoples from all over the world in a very short period of time, and mostly, in the case of French immigrants they have stayed together in Louisiana. Of the early immigrants to America the French have fared the worst in respect of their names, chiefly because of the difficulties experienced by the Americans in pronouncing them correctly. Many have been translated into English names.
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