The surname of MORTON was a locational name 'of Morton' in Dumfreisshire, literally meaning the moor-farm or enclosure on the moor. Local surnames, by far the largest group, derived from a place name where the man held land or from the place from which he had come, or where he actually lived. These local surnames were originally preceded by a preposition such as "de", "atte", "by" or "in". The names may derive from a manor held, from working in a religious dwelling or from literally living by a wood or marsh or by a stream. Early records of the name mention Hugh de Mortun, 1204, Scotland. William de Mortun witnessed a grant to the Abbey of Kelso in the year of 1266. Robert de Morton, County Nottingham, 1273. Alicia de Morton, was recorded during the reign of Edward I (1272-1307). Johannes de Morton was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of the year 1379. John Morton (1420-1500) English prelate and stateman, Lord Chancellor in 1487. He demanded gifts for the Royal Treasury, reasoning that if a man lived handsomely, he was obviously rich, and simply, that the economy had made him so, and that he must help by repaying them back! John Morton of County Leicestershire, registered at Oxford University in 1594. At first, the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour. The associated arms are recorded in Burkes General Armory.
Ulster King of Arms in 1884. Registered in Scotland. Alba, the country which became Scotland, was once shared by four races; the Picts who controlled most of the land north of the Central Belt; the Britons, who had their capital at Dumbarton and held sway over the south west, including modern Cumbria; the Angles, who were Germanic in origin and annexed much of the Eastern Borders in the seventh century, and the Scots. The latter came to Alba from the north of Ireland late in the 5th century to establish a colony in present day Argyll, which they named Dalriada, after their homeland. The Latin name SCOTTI simply means a Gaelic speaker.
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