This surname of MOLLE was a nickname for someone supposedly resembling the borrowing mammal, or from the Old Dutch or German word MOL, meaning one with poor eyesight. Surnames having a derivation from nicknames form the broadest and most miscellaneous class of surnames, encompassing many different types of origin. The most typical classes refer adjectivally to the general physical aspect of the person concerned, or to his character. Many nicknames refer to a man's size or height, while others make reference to a favoured article of clothing or style of dress. Many surnames derived from the names of animals and birds. In the Middle Ages ideas were held about the characters of other living creatures, based on observation, and these associations were reflected and reinforced by large bodies of folk tales featuring animals behaving as humans. The Dutch language is most closely related to Low German, and its surnames have been influenced both by German and French naming practices. The preposition 'van' is found especially with habitation names, and the 'de' mainly with nicknames. A notable member of the name was Louis Matthieu Comet MOLE (1781-1855) the French politician and writer. His father was guillotined during the Terror. In his 'Essai de Morale et de Politique' (1806) he vindicated Napoleon's government on the ground of necessity and was made a count. Louis XVIII made him a peer and minister for the navy; and Louis Phillippe made him foreign minister, and in 1836, prime minister, but his regime was unpopular. He left politics in 1851. When the first immigrants from Europe went to America, the only names current in the new land were Indian names which did not appeal to Europeans vocally, and the Indian names did not influence the surnames or Christian names already possessed by the immigrants. Mostly the immigrant could not read or write and had little or no knowledge as to the proper spelling, and their names suffered at the hands of the government officials. The early town records are full of these mis-spelt names most of which gradually changed back to a more conventional spelling as education progressed.
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