The surname of MOL was a locational name 'of Molland' a parish in the county of Devon. The name was also of Welsh origin, from the Old Welsh MOEL, meaning 'the dweller at the bare hill'. The name is also spelt MOLLAND. The earliest of the name on record appears to be MOLLANDE (without surname) who was listed as a tenant in the Domesday Book of 1086, and MOLLANDA (without surname) was recorded in 1100 in County Cheshire. MOUL (without surname) was documented in 1202 in County Essex. Fixed hereditary surnames began to be taken in Wales after the administrative union with England in the 16th century. At first, however, this development was confined to the classes who had dealings with the English bureaucracy, and the adoption of surnames did not become general until the 18th century and after. Many factors contributed to the establishment of a surname system. For generations after the Norman Conquest of 1066 a very few dynasts and magnates passed on hereditary surnames, but most of the population, with a wide choice of first-names out of Celtic, Old English, Norman and Latin, avoided ambiguity without the need for a second name. As society became more stabilized, there was property to leave in wills, the towns and villages grew and the labels that had served to distinguish a handful of folk in a friendly village were not adequate for a teeming slum where perhaps most of the householders were engaged in the same monotonous trade, so not even their occupations could distinguish them, and some first names were gaining a tiresome popularity, especially Thomas after 1170. The hereditary principle in surnames gained currency first in the South, and the poorer folk were slower to apply it. By the 14th century however, most of the population had acquired a second name. Later records of the name mention Simon de Molland who was recorded in 1273 in County Devon and Edward Moland, was documented in County Devon in the year of 1300. The lion depicted in the arms is the noblest of all wild beasts which is made to be the emblem of strength and valour, and is on that account the most frequently borne in Coat-Armour.
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