This surname of MOHNEY was an occupational name for a moneyer, derived from the Old German word MUNZER, and the Yiddish word MINTSER, a derivative of MYNET, meaning 'coin'. The name was rendered in medieval documents in the Latin form MONETA, originally an epithet meaning 'Counsellor (from monere to advise) of Juno' at whose temple in Rome the coins were struck. The English term MINTER was used at an early date to denote a workman who stamped the coins; later it came to denote the supervisors of the mint, who were wealthy and socially elevated members of the merchant class, and who were responsible for the quality of the coinage by having their names placed on the coins. The name is also spelt MYNTER, MONNIER, LEMMONNIER, MONETA, MONEDERO, MUNZER, MINTZ, MUNTER, DeMIENTER and DeMUNTER. Because of the close relationship between the English and German languages, some Germans are able to transform their names to the English form just by dropping a single letter. Many Germans have re-spelt their names in America. A great number of immigrants from Germany settled in Pennsylvania. After the start of the first World War, Germans in great numbers Anglicized their names in an effort to remove all doubt as to their patriotism. Afterwards some changed back, and then during World War II the problem became acute once more, and the changing started all over again, although not with as much intensity. German or Teutonic heraldry extended its sphere of influence over central Europe and spread into Scandinavia. It is most notable for its design and treatment of crests, most of which reflect the arms in the charge or tinctures (colours) or both, which is unknown in British heraldry. Teutonic Europe assembled many arms on a single shield, each bearing its corresponding crest on a helmet. A notable member of the name was Henrik MOHN (1835-1916) the Norwegian meteorologist, born in Bergen. He studied at Oslo, and became director of the university meteorology institute from 1866 until 1913. He wrote on meteorology, on the climate of Norway and on the Arctic ocean.
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