The surname of MIRRALLS was a locational name 'of Muirhall' in Carnwath, Lanarkshire. Almost every city, town or village extant in the Middle Ages has served to name one or more families. While a man lived in a town or village he would not be known by its name, as that would be no means of identification - all in the village would be so named. But when a man left his birthplace or village where he had been known and went elsewhere, people would likely refer to him by the name of his former residence or by the name of the land which he owned. Some had the name of a manor or village because they were lords of that place and owned it, but the majority descend from vassals of freeman who once had lived there. It was also a baptismal name 'the son of Muriel' a favourite and still popular girl's personal name. Early records of the name mention Matilda Miriel, County Cambridge, 1273. Thomas filius Murrelle of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Jeames Murrial and Margaret Shingleton were married in London in the year 1550. Henrie Muirhall in Leith, accepted the kings coronation in the year of 1567. Merriall Saltonstall, aged 22, and her daughter Murrell, embarked on the ship Suzan, for New England, America in the year 1635. Most of the European surnames were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. It has long been a matter of doubt when the bearing of coats of arms first became hereditary and it was not until the Crusades that Heraldry came into general use. Men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way.
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